Given the recent current events that are happening throughout the world such as terrorism, natural disasters, etc., it has become increasingly difficult to quickly and effectively analyze and respond to security needs. Often times, many security solutions are designed for investigation after an event occurs, not before.
We at Royce feel that it is important to identify security exposures so that when a threat to your facility takes place, you are well equipped to prevent it. Below we have outlined a couple of measures that you may want to take into consideration:
- Define What is Important: The primary objective in defining a security program is to understand what exactly you want to protect. This could mean any number of things from people to internal/external facilities. To identify what is important you must first understand and analyze how your community operates, and by doing so, the most vital assets become apparent. The next step is putting in a system in place to protect these assets.
- Risk Assessment: Realistically, it’s extremely difficult to reach a level of security that is 100% foolproof, especially without spending a considerable amount of money. However, proper steps can be taken to reduce every possible security breach. Through analysis, the focus should narrow down to target those threats that are considered the most important. This can be done by creating a list of events through past records, incidents, data, etc., and assigning each threat to a category based on likelihood. This will help define which incidents are the most important.
- Areas of Vulnerability: Before you can prevent a threat from happening, you must first discover your areas of vulnerability. A useful way of doing this is to conduct a scenario-based approach. This means you must be able to clearly identify all the critical flaws and weak points in your current physical facilities. Come up with “what if” scenarios and try to work them out. By working through these “what if” situations, you can come up with plans to counter their occurrence.
- Selection of Security: Having identified assets, threats, vulnerabilities and determined various options, you are now able to select the right security system. This requires a collaborative effort on both management as well as your security provider to suggest a system that is consistent with the organization’s needs. Often, security countermeasures include physical access control (which prevent access to a facility), surveillance (such as CCTV’s and intruder detection systems), physical barriers (such as fencing and gates, vehicle barriers, vehicle traps and deterrents, barbed-wire, etc.). Once a security measure is chosen, procedures must be defined for the system to be effective.
- Implementation: It is at this step where all your planning becomes a reality. Once your system is in place you must continuously test it for weaknesses and vulnerabilities. You must ensure your residents understand the measures in place and what they must do in the event of an emergency.